In consideration of the 557 communication strategies identified in this study that were collectively used to negotiate meaning by the participants, it can be inferred that when teachers allow students who are learning a second language to work in small groups, students have more access to opportunities to practice speaking in the second
language they are trying to acquire which, again, could lead to potential language learning opportunities through comprehensible input and output to
clarify messages through communication strategies such as self-rephrasing and response:confirm.